- Wind power
Despite a reputation for being unreliable, wind power has the potential to provide more than 30% of the world’s electricity. The wind doesn’t blow constantly, of course, so we will need to develop better ways of storing the energy we generate with it. And rather than being used purely locally, wind energy will have to be distributed between different states and countries.
- Solar energy
The sun provides more than enough energy to power the world many times over – we just need to come up with an effective way of capturing this energy. Current solar panels are relatively inefficient, but increasing investment in solar cells is producing better models which capture more energy and cost less to produce.
- Power from the oceans
Tides, waves and currents possess huge potential for low-carbon energy generation, but efforts to harness them have been hampered by the difficulty of designing devices that can tolerate harsh oceanic conditions.
- Combined heat and power
Waste heat accounts for about 40% of the energy produced by power stations. One way to avoid this is to bring the power station into the home, by installing domestic micro generators. These miniature power plants are almost as efficient as huge generators and the heat they produce can be used to heat our homes and water.
- Super-efficient homes
Instead of building new houses that are “zero carbon”, a better – and cheaper – way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from domestic housing is to eco-renovate existing buildings.
- Electric cars
Electric cars have a bad reputation when it comes to style and speed, two factors that matter to car enthusiasts. And with running costs as little as 5% those of diesel models, electric cars will soon start to look like a more viable option. Recent research has even suggested that electric cars could act as energy stores for the power grid when not being driven.
- Second-generation biofuels
Making fuel from food crops is now almost universally regarded as a bad idea, encouraging deforestation and potentially leading to food shortages. But the next generation of biofuels made from agricultural waste shows real promise.
- Carbon capture
With the growth of renewable energy sources failing to keep up with world demand for electricity, finding an effective way of capturing and storing the carbon dioxide produced by power stations is one of the most important challenges we face.People at Save the Earth are here to make you realize and open your eyes.
With predictions of climate change getting increasingly urgent, we desperately need cheap, simple and fast ways of reducing greenhouse emissions. One idea is to sequester carbon as biochar, a charcoal made from burning agricultural waste in the absence of air. Biochar is exceptionally stable and can be stored underground for hundreds of years without releasing its carbon into the atmosphere – and it improve the fertility of the soil.
- Biogas stoves
Deforestation is a complex issue, and it’s looking more and more likely that we will have to pay people to maintain forest lands. But until such a system is up and running, we will need to focus on technologies that reduce the need to cut down trees. One such technology is biogas stoves, powered by methane released from rotting organic waste, which would otherwise be released into the atmosphere. Leading the way is China, which is heavily promoting the use of biogas technologies.